The purpose of this research paper is to present the hate crime knowledge that has accumulated over these last decades. Proponents of hate crime laws feel strongly about society making a statement that biased or hate crimes will not be tolerated and that serious penalties will be applied to those who commit such crimes.
In addition, these laws are important in order to deter potential hate crime offenders who intentionally target members of subordinate groups.
There have also been arguments against the formation of hate crime laws. Not all believe that hate crimes have been a significant problem in society; rather, some see it as a media-exaggerated issue—a product of a society that is highly sensitive to prejudice and discrimination. Thus, a special set of criminal laws that include hate is not warranted, and the generic criminal laws will suffice.
Those who oppose hate crime laws also argue that attempting to determine motivation for an already criminal act is difficult and may pose moral problems in that the offender is being punished for a criminal act and for his or her motivation.
It has also been argued that hate crime laws do not deter people from engaging in these crimes. Others argue that the disagreement over which subordinate groups to include in the hate crime laws actually causes added discrimination and marginalization.
Critics state that what these laws effectively are saying is that one group is more worthy of protection and care than another. Although there has been and still is debate about hate crime laws, the mere fact that they exist in several countries around the world, as well as within the United States, indicates that reasoning in favor of these laws has outweighed that against them.
Hate crime laws in the United States exist at the federal and state levels. Although federal and state laws differ, most protected characteristics include race, national origin, ethnicity, and religion. The process by which victim status is accorded to a given group is thus far from objective.
Hate crimes in the United States have deep roots in American history and culture. Crimes of hatred and prejudice--from lynchings to cross burnings to vandalism of synagogues--are a sad fact of American history, but the term "hate crime" did not enter the nation's vocabulary until the s, when emerging hate groups like the Skinheads launched a wave of bias-related crime "Hate Crime," b. In response to these disturbing trends, 45 states have passed hate crime laws.
All these states define a hate crime as a criminal act perpetrated due to the victim's race, religion, and ethnicity, while some also include sexual orientation, gender, and disability as criteria for hate crimes.
Only Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, South Carolina, and Wyoming do not have hate crime statutes on their books, though hate crimes in those states are prosecuted under existing statutes covering murder, theft, harassment, and assault. According to the FBI Hate Crime Statistics, there were 7, "single-bias" criminal hate crime incidents involving 9, offenses and 9, victims defined as "a person, business, institution, or society as a whole" in An FBI analysis of those incidents revealed the following:.
Motivation Percentage Most impacted group Racial bias The figure is double what it was in Bello, , p. The attacks of September 11, , sent shockwaves through American society.
Coordinated terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, DC, brought home to many Americans that the United States is not immune to being attacked on its own soil. Because the attacks were carried out exclusively by self-professed Muslims, the attacks also shined a spotlight, perhaps for the first time, on the 2. Researchers have found that the expected spike in anti-Muslim hate crime did occur in the immediate aftermath of the September 11 attacks.
These researchers also found, however, that the anti-Muslim hate crimes followed a specific pattern of intensity: Most curiously, given the locations of the terrorist attacks, "New York City and Washington, DC, anti-Islamic hate crime reports are essentially non-existent DC did have one report.
As for the somewhat counterintuitive finding that anti-Muslim hate crimes were markedly absent from police blotters in New York City and Washington, DC, the research team suggested that this. In other words, the trauma of the attacks drew people in New York and Washington, DC, together rather than driving them apart. One of the most controversial social and political issues in the United States in the early twenty-first century has involved illegal immigrants, also known as undocumented workers.
Should they be allowed to stay in the country, and under what conditions? Could they be stopped from coming to America altogether? The vast majority of illegal immigrants come from Mexico and elsewhere in Latin and Central America Passel, , p.
Hate crimes are a specific type of crime committed against individuals or groups because of their race, religion, sexual orientation, gender, age, or ethnicity. Genocide is an extreme form of hate.
A bias crime also referred to as a hate crime is an offence committed against properties or people, which is motivated, in part or in whole, by the suspect’s prejudice, bias, or hate towards an identifiable group footed on, perceived or real national or ethnic origin, race, colour, mental or physical disability, language, sex, religion.
- Hate Crime in the United States of America THESIS: In this research paper, information will be given on hate crime in the United States of America. It’s best to know about these types of crimes before it’s too late because it’s rarely reported or spoken about but does occur on regular bases. A hate crime is a violent act against people, property, or organizations because of the group to which they belong or identify with. Hate crimes are committed against many different groups of people. Different types of people also commit these crimes.
This research paper will present the history of hate crime law, the scope of the problem, the theory and psychology behind hateful/prejudicial behaviors, characteristics of perpetrators and victims, policing hate crime, and responding to and preventing hate crime. Research Paper on Hate Crimes Deal All The Aspects of Hate Crimes Research Paper Hate crimes are those crimes that are the result of hate for certain group of .