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How to Write a Financial Analysis Paper

Investment Thesis

❶Aswath Damodaran Securities and Exchange Commission: It shows the sources of cash flow.

Tip #1: Analyze the Existing Financial Statements

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Tip #2: Look over a Balance Sheet

Management, shareholders and lenders require an insightful analysis to make informed decisions. Incorporate qualitative information into your quantitative analysis to explain changes in revenue levels or asset utilization ratios.

The figures alone have little significance without the stories driving those numbers to add context. Perhaps the most important factor in writing an insightful financial analysis is having access to management to conduct an interview. Prepare solid questions and don't ask about things that can be answered via public information. As a first step, you should select an appropriate benchmark to compare against your subject company results.

The benchmark needs to be meaningful and ideally would be the average and median results of a group of peer companies that closely resemble the subject company in terms of size, growth and line of business. Some companies have very complex products; for example, biotech or software companies. Performing a ratio analysis helps to ensure that you have quantitative data that supports your qualitative conclusions. Ratio analyses are highly industry-specific, but generally are of the following types: Compare the results of your ratio analysis to competitors to determine relative strengths and weaknesses.

Calculate historical trends while generally focusing on the last five years of financial results. Recognize and acknowledge whether sales and returns are trending in a certain direction.

Understand whether financial results are affected by industry cycles or seasonal variables. Video of the Day. Brought to you by Techwalla. As you might have guessed, this section includes very specific information regarding investment returns, balance sheets and productivity ratios. It can also include different interpretations of these results through the use of pie charts, graphs or other illustrations that can make the data easy to understand.

Liquidity , leverage and profitability ratios are the most important to investors. Everything presented in the financial analysis should be easily and accurately summarized, giving the investor a recap of the key points. A good financial analysis will give you important insight into the health of your business.

Once you have that insight, however, you might still be wondering if that investment is still worth it. This article currently has 3 ratings with an average of 4. Home Articles Guides Tools Videos. See seven key parts of the financial analysis report and what goes Company Overview or Executive Summary Similar to writing a business plan , a financial analysis is a way for investors or those new to your company to understand who you are and what you do.

Resources and Data Collection Methods This section should list any and all resources used to generate the findings in the report. Valuation This is really the crux of the financial statement. Valuation can be arrived at using one of three methods: Discounted Cash Flow Analysis: This method requires the use of future free cash flow projections and discounting them using a weighted average cost of capital to arrive at the present value. If the DCF analysis is higher than the current cost, the investment is considered a good one.

Enterprise ratio and price-to-earnings ratio are two equations often used when determining relative value. Book value is defined as the initial outlay for an investment. Key Risks Any and all factors that could be classified as a risk should be included in this section. Detailed Results As you might have guessed, this section includes very specific information regarding investment returns, balance sheets and productivity ratios. Recap and Wrap-Up Everything presented in the financial analysis should be easily and accurately summarized, giving the investor a recap of the key points.

Information may be abridged and therefore incomplete. Each financial situation is different, the advice provided is intended to be general.

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No company exists in a vacuum, so a financial analysis paper must include an examination of the company's industry. The report will include comparisons between the company's financial health and that of its competitors, and it will report the company's market share and prominence in the industry.

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Learn Key Tips On How To Write Financial Analysis Paper. Writing a detailed financial analysis of a company is very crucial since it is one of the tools used in determining whether to invest in the business. Note that there is no particular technique of writing a financial analysis, and the presentation styles will always differ. However, it is good to .

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Financial Statement Analysis Paper Example 1: Dell Computer Dell Inc. Current Year Prior Year 3 Years Ago $ Percent $ Percent $ Percent Income Statement Revenue 61, % 52, % 61, %. From an investor's perspective financial statement analysis aims at predicting the future profitability and viability of a company, while from the management's point of view the ratio analysis is important as it helps anticipate the future conditions in which the firm should expect to operate and facilitates strategic decision making (Brigham and Houston .

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Financial analysis reports contain a wealth of valuable information about a company. Below is an overview of the major sections to consider when writing a financial analysis . FINANCIAL ANALYSIS PROJECT – FINAL PAPER 15 From the analysis it is evident that the gross profit ratio is good, where as operating ratio is around optimum level to the industry standards. As a whole, the liquidity position of the company is good.