The vast majority of the people say that the atomic bombs actually saved many lives in the long run because it prevented the invasion of Japan. After the bombs, Japan wanted to surrender, but on one condition. Their leader had to stay in charge. But America said that the leader could stay in power, but had to take orders from American soldiers placed in Japan. This was called Operation Olympic. Some say that the bombings were not necessary. People still argue about this. No nuclear weapon has ever been used in combat since August 9, The decision to use nuclear weapons on Japan was made after an analysis showed that more than a million people—combatants of both nations and civilians—would die if Japan was invaded by Allied forces.
Had it not been for the nuclear weapons, the U. These principles said that Japan could not create or try to get nuclear weapons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nuclear fission Nuclear war. However, this nuclear advantage was again eliminated in August , when the USSR tested its first hydrogen bomb. Throughout this period and the following decades, a battle raged within the political establishment over policy in relation to the Soviet Union and the atom bomb. Even with the threat of nuclear war, there continued to exist a substantial section of the American ruling class that was unwilling to tolerate any constraints on American military power.
In , the Kennedy administration nearly initiated a nuclear war with the Soviet Union over the Cuban missile crisis. As the economic situation deteriorated in the s, those who advocated a more aggressive orientation toward the Soviet Union began to gain in prominence. This started under the Democratic Party administration of Jimmy Carter and received a boost during the Reagan administration in the s.
A successful defensive shield would allow the US to strike with nuclear weapons first, since it could shoot down any retaliatory action. Since the self-destruction of the Soviet Union in , the American ruling class has reached a new consensus based upon preemptive war and the unilateral assertion of American interests through military force.
Fewer treaties, more bombs The post-Soviet eruption of American militarism has assumed an especially malignant form during the presidency of George W. Since coming into power, the Bush administration has developed a two-pronged strategy to expand American military capacity. On the one hand, it has rejected or undermined any international agreement or treaty that places boundaries on what the United States can or cannot do militarily. On the other hand, it has taken steps to develop its military technology, including its nuclear technology, to prepare the way for the use of this technology in future wars.
The treaty would ban the testing of new nuclear weapons, which the Bush administration opposes because it is planning on developing new nuclear weapons that it will need to test. The development of a NMD system is still a priority of the administration, and is part of its drive to achieve military domination of space. Like the Reagan administration program, a missile defense system would open up the way for offensive nuclear strikes against countries such as China or Russia.
During an international review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NPT earlier this year, the Bush administration announced a position that was aimed at undermining the foundation of the agreement. In exchange for a promise not to acquire nuclear weapons, the treaty guarantees non-nuclear powers the right to develop non-military nuclear technology. The treaty also includes a pledge from the nuclear powers to gradually eliminate their nuclear stockpiles.
At the same time, far from eliminating its own nuclear stockpiles, the US has taken steps to modernize its existing weapons and develop new weapons for offensive use.
Indeed, in the run-up to the conference, which ended without an agreement, the Bush administration explicitly insisted on its right to use nuclear weapons against a non-nuclear power. Over the past decade, the US government has developed a policy of offensive nuclear weapon use, rejecting the Cold War conception that nuclear weapons would be intended primarily as a deterrent.
A Nuclear Posture Review in during the Clinton administration reportedly took the first steps toward targeting countries such as North Korea, China and Iran. There were also nuclear weapons options in the planning guidelines for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The most recent target has been Iran, which the US has threatened with military attack if it does not abandon its nuclear energy program. All these threats are meant to justify future US invasions, in which the use of nuclear weapons by the United States is by no means excluded. Through the policy of preemptive war, the US has arrogated for itself the right to attack any country that it deems to be a threat, or declares might be a threat sometime in the future.
There is no part of the world in which the United States does not have an interest. It has sought to progressively expand its influence in Central Asia and the former Soviet Union through the war in Afghanistan and political intervention in countries such as Ukraine. It is seeking to dominate the Middle East through the war in Iraq and the threat of war in Iran. It is expanding its activities in Africa and has made repeated threats against North Korea and China as part of its efforts to secure its influence in East Asia.
Under these conditions, there are innumerable potential scenarios in which a war will erupt leading to the use of nuclear weapons. This includes not only invasions of countries such as Iran; an American war against a smaller power could easily spark a broader conflict—with China, Russia or even the powers of Europe, all of which have nuclear weapons themselves.
The catastrophe that befell Hiroshima and Nagasaki will never be forgotten. Their fate will stand forever as testimony to the bestiality of imperialism. Against the backdrop of the renewed eruption of American militarism, the events of August remind us of the alternatives that confront mankind—world revolution or world war, socialism or barbarism. The perceived threat from weapons of mass destruction WMD has become one of the most important issues on foreign policy and national security agendas.
The traditional arms control approach no longer monopolizes the international legal strategy against WMD. This development suggests that the need for international law in connection with the WMD threat may be higher now than in previous historical periods. The dangers and uncertainties confronting the use of international law in this new WMD environment may also be historically unprecedented, as U. There are eight countries that have declared they possess nuclear weapons and are known to have tested a nuclear weapon, only five of which are members of the NPT.
While the truth is unknown, the November NIE on Iran stated that Iran halted its nuclear weapons program in the fall of Most media outlets represented WMD as a monolithic menace, failing to adequately distinguish between weapons programs and actual weapons or to address the real differences among chemical, biological, nuclear, and radiological weapons.
Results showed that US citizens generally did not correct initial misconceptions regarding WMD, even following disconfirmation; Australian and German citizens were more responsive to retractions. This led to three conclusions: The repetition of tentative news stories, even if they are subsequently disconfirmed, can assist in the creation of false memories in a substantial proportion of people.
When people ignore corrections, they do so irrespective of how certain they are that the corrections occurred. A poll conducted between June and September asked people whether they thought evidence of WMD had been discovered in Iraq since the war ended.
They were also asked which media sources they relied upon. According to David Kay, who appeared before the US House Armed Services Committee to discuss these badly corroded munitions, they were leftovers, many years old, improperly stored or destroyed by the Iraqis.
But they are local hazards. Nagasaki , Japanese city on which the second operational atomic bomb was dropped. Nicknamed 'Fat Man' a reference to Churchill , the bomb, which used plutonium , was dropped by parachute at on 9 August by an American B29 bomber from the Pacific island of Tinian. It measured just under 3. The aircraft's first target was the city of Kokura, now part of Kitakyushu, but as it was covered by heavy cloud the aircraft was diverted to its second target, Nagasaki.
Unlike Hiroshima, Nagasaki lies in a series of narrow valleys bordered by mountains in the east and west. The bomb exploded about m. The radius of destruction for reinforced concrete buildings was m. But because of the topography, and despite the Nagasaki bomb being more powerful, only about 6. Of the 51, buildings in the city Among the , people present when the bomb was dropped, about 2, were labour conscripts from Korea and were prisoners-of-war.
About 73, were killed and 74, injured, with the affected survivors suffering the same long-term catastrophic results of radiation and mental trauma as at Hiroshima. A Uranium bomb, the first nuclear weapon in the world, was dropped in Hiroshima City.
It was estimated that its energy was equivalent to 15 kilotons of TNT. Aerial photograph from the 80 kilometers away of the Inland Sea, taken about 1 hour after the dropping.
America's decision to use two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War II has been a topic of intense debate for years following the incident. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are one of best documented historical events in history, while provoking lasting, fervently heated reactions.
Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki An atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a historical event that will forever remain a mystery to the Japanese people. August 6th, is the day that the United States of America used a colossal atomic bombing attack against Japan in Hiroshima.
Committee on Damage by Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings (London, ). Nagasaki Nicknamed 'Fat Man' (a reference to Churchill), the bomb, which used plutonium , was dropped by parachute at on 9 August by an American B29 bomber from the Pacific island of Tinian. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay Words | 8 Pages. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki In August of , both of the only two nuclear bombs ever used in warfare were dropped on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. These two bombs shaped much of the world today.
Even before Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan was looking for a way out. Indeed, the only thing preventing a Japanese surrender was a matter of semantics: Japan wanted to surrender unconditionally without using the words “unconditional surrender. - The Hiroshima Bombing Fifty four years ago, the detonation of the first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima (and later on Nagasaki) ushered to the Nuclear Age. It was a moment full of horror, in which the eyes of the whole world were opened to the unimaginable possibility of nuclear holocaust.