Skip Nav

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug Addiction

❶Psychiatric features of individuals with problematic Internet use. Global statistics on addictive behaviours:


Stress as a feature of addicts' relapse
Addiction and relapse

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract Problematic computer use is a growing social issue which is being debated worldwide. An example of the rewarding nature of digital technology use may be captured in the following statement by a 21 year-old male in treatment for IAD: Non-psychological Approaches Some authors examine pharmacological interventions for IAD, perhaps due to the fact that clinicians use psychopharmacology to treat IAD despite the lack of treatment studies addressing the efficacy of pharmacological treatments.

Psychological Approaches Motivational interviewing MI is a client-centered yet directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving client ambivalence [ 54 ]. Multimodal Treatments A multimodal treatment approach is characterized by the implementation of several different types of treatment in some cases even from different disciplines such as pharmacology, psychotherapy and family counseling simultaneously or sequentially.

Weinstein A, Lejoyeux M. Internet addiction or excessive Internet use. A review of the research on Internet addiction. Computers in Human Behavior. Gambling and internet addiction. Review and research agenda. Pathological Internet use - epidemiology, diagnostics, co-occurring disorders and treatment. Fortschritte Der Neurologie Psychiatrie.

Internet- and computer game addiction: Phenomenology, comorbidity, etiology, diagnostics and therapeutic implications for the addictives and their relatives. Widyanto L, Griffiths MD. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. The emergence of a new clinical disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry.

Commentary on Tao et al. Internet addiction and DSM-V. Czincz J, Hechanova R. Journal of Technology in Human Services. Caught in the net: Kratzer S, Hegerl U. Is "Internet Addiction" a disorder of its own? A study on subjects with excessive internet use. Introduction to behavioral addictions. American Society of Addiction Medicine. Screening for Internet dependence: Do the proposed diagnostic criteria differentiate normal from dependent Internet use? Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: Treatment of internet addiction disorder: University of Marburg; The three-factor model of Internet addiction: Consensus, controversies, and the way ahead.

East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. A handbook and guide to evaluation and treatment. A new dimension in couple relationships with implications for evaluation and treatment. The Compass of Pleasure: In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts: Close Encounters with Addiction. Brain activities associated with gaming urge of online gaming addiction. Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Loneliness and Internet use. Familial influences on gambling behavior: The neurobiology of substance and behavioral addictions. Symptoms, Evaluation, And Treatment. Innovations in Clinical Practice [serial on the Internet]. Internet addiction and its treatment. Treatment of Internet addiction. Sattar P, Ramaswamy S. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. Escitalopram in the treatment of impulsive-compulsive Internet usage disorder: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Bupropion sustained release treatment decreases craving for video games and cue-induced brain activity in patients with Internet video game addiction.

Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. Psychiatric features of individuals with problematic Internet use. Journal of affective disorders. Internet sex addiction treated with naltrexone. Hilfe fuer Cyberfreaks, Netheads und ihre Partner. The applications of group mental therapy and sports exercise prescriptions in the intervention of Internet addiction disorder.

Psychological Science China May; 32 3: Miller WR, Rollnick S. Miller WR, Rollnick S, editors. Motivational interviewing as a prelude to coaching in healthcare settings. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.

The efficacy of motivational interviewing: Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. A community reinforcement approach to addiction treatment.

Cambridge University Press; US; A reality therapy group counseling program as an Internet addiction recovery method for college students in Korea. International Journal of Reality Therapy. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a treatment for problematic Internet pornography viewing. Psychotherapy for Internet addiction. Cognitive behavior therapy with Internet addicts: Control study of group psychotherapy on middle school students with Internet overuse.

Chinese Mental Health Journal. Li G, Dai X-Y. Control study of cognitive-behavior therapy in adolescents with Internet addiction disorder. Clinical effect of electroacupuncture combined with psychologic interference on patient with Internet addiction disorder. Treatment of computer addicts with complex co-morbid psychiatric disorders. Longer term effect of randomized, controlled group cognitive behavioural therapy for Internet addiction in adolescent students in Shanghai.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. Fang-ru Y, Wei H. The effect of integrated psychosocial intervention on 52 adolescents with Internet addiction disorder. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology. An ongoing study of group treatment for men involved in problematic Internet-enabled sexual behavior.

Comprehensive intervention on Internet addiction of middle school students. Evaluation of an Internet addiction treatment program for Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong. Bai Y, Fan FM. The effects of group counseling on Internet-dependent college students. Internet Addiction Recovery Program.

First detox center for Internet addicts opens its doors: The mind of the addicted person is affected in such a way that their coping mechanisms for stress are inadequate to prevent relapse.

The goal of treatment is relapse prevention. Therefore, this paper reviews the role of stress and its effect on the addicted person. Additionally, this paper discusses the combination of cognitive-behavioral skill training and the role of medication in helping addicted persons cope with stress without engaging in a relapse.

The disease of addiction is prevalent and relapse-rate is high. Therefore, inquiry into the nature of addiction as a disease , and effective treatment methods of relapse prevention are worthy of continued scholarly work in the field. Hopefully, with better understanding of the causes for relapse, treatment will be more successful and the relapse rate will drop.

There seemed to be no difference in relapse rates between men and women. However, marriage seemed to affect men and women slightly differently. Women were more sensitive to the negative effects of the damage of relapse on interpersonal relationships. Therefore they were less likely to relapse for fear of damage to their marriages or other interpersonal relationships.

It was found that women were more likely to be married to heavily drinking men. The opposite was more prevalent where men were married to light to non-drinking spouses Walitzer, Relapsing women were more likely to relapse as part of a social phenomenon than men where the issue is more of isolation Walitzer, Although there was some evidence that married addicts were less likely to relapse, presumably because of having a relationship, it was not shown to be determinative in predicting relapse.

Although friends may reason with an alcoholic that taking that first drink is a pathway to destruction, this advice is disregarded in stressful situations. Ultimately, the desired outcome is that the addict will not relapse.

Marlatt describes some areas for treatment including skills training in self-efficacy, coping strategies, emotional states, and cravings as useful in preventing relapse.

Other research is being conducted in identifying medications that may help limit the stress for the recovering addict. Sinha advocates for research in the area of identifying therapeutic agents complementing cognitive-behavioral training. Marlatt notes the low compliance rates with drugs like Anatabuse Marlatt, However, he notes that Antabuse was designed to reinforce the negative consequences of relapsing. Marlatt discusses a study performed on addicted prisoners which showed lower relapse rates among addicted prisoners who underwent meditation training over the control group Marlatt, Further inquiry into the effect of meditation on the identified altered neuro-pathways would be beneficial in showing its efficacy.

Because the neuro-biological pathways that handle stress as well as the cravings for the 'drug of choice' are closely linked, stress is a powerful motivator for relapse. Addressing this underlying stress with healthy responses over relapse is the goal of treatment of addiction. There is some good work in the field so far, but the problem remains.

Alan, and Dennis M. National Institutes of Health, 1 Aug. Witkiewitz, Kimberly, and G.

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Therefore, this paper reviews the role of stress and its effect on the addicted person. Additionally, this paper discusses the combination of cognitive-behavioral skill training and the role of medication in helping addicted persons cope with stress without engaging in a relapse. The disease of addiction is prevalent and relapse-rate is high/5(8).

Privacy FAQs

Drug Addiction Research Paper This sample Drug Addiction Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Like other free research paper examples, it is not a custom research paper.

About Our Ads

Research Papers words ( pages) The Etiology of Addiction Disease Model Essay examples - Addiction is like all behaviours “the business of the brain”. Example Of Research Paper About Drug Addiction Morgan Azbill English Addiction: A Disease or A WeaknessAddiction- a primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease, with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the .

Cookie Info

Research within librarian-selected research topics on Addiction and Substance Abuse from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. dug and alcohol research paper. Addiction: A 9 page research paper discussing the problem of addiction, its causes, process & development, treatment etc; Bibliography .