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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

How Science Has Revolutionized the Understanding of Drug Addiction

❶Psychiatric features of individuals with problematic Internet use. Global statistics on addictive behaviours:

INTRODUCTION

Stress as a feature of addicts' relapse
Addiction and relapse

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract Problematic computer use is a growing social issue which is being debated worldwide. An example of the rewarding nature of digital technology use may be captured in the following statement by a 21 year-old male in treatment for IAD: Non-psychological Approaches Some authors examine pharmacological interventions for IAD, perhaps due to the fact that clinicians use psychopharmacology to treat IAD despite the lack of treatment studies addressing the efficacy of pharmacological treatments.

Psychological Approaches Motivational interviewing MI is a client-centered yet directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving client ambivalence [ 54 ]. Multimodal Treatments A multimodal treatment approach is characterized by the implementation of several different types of treatment in some cases even from different disciplines such as pharmacology, psychotherapy and family counseling simultaneously or sequentially.

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First detox center for Internet addicts opens its doors: The mind of the addicted person is affected in such a way that their coping mechanisms for stress are inadequate to prevent relapse.

The goal of treatment is relapse prevention. Therefore, this paper reviews the role of stress and its effect on the addicted person. Additionally, this paper discusses the combination of cognitive-behavioral skill training and the role of medication in helping addicted persons cope with stress without engaging in a relapse.

The disease of addiction is prevalent and relapse-rate is high. Therefore, inquiry into the nature of addiction as a disease , and effective treatment methods of relapse prevention are worthy of continued scholarly work in the field. Hopefully, with better understanding of the causes for relapse, treatment will be more successful and the relapse rate will drop.

There seemed to be no difference in relapse rates between men and women. However, marriage seemed to affect men and women slightly differently. Women were more sensitive to the negative effects of the damage of relapse on interpersonal relationships. Therefore they were less likely to relapse for fear of damage to their marriages or other interpersonal relationships.

It was found that women were more likely to be married to heavily drinking men. The opposite was more prevalent where men were married to light to non-drinking spouses Walitzer, Relapsing women were more likely to relapse as part of a social phenomenon than men where the issue is more of isolation Walitzer, Although there was some evidence that married addicts were less likely to relapse, presumably because of having a relationship, it was not shown to be determinative in predicting relapse.

Although friends may reason with an alcoholic that taking that first drink is a pathway to destruction, this advice is disregarded in stressful situations. Ultimately, the desired outcome is that the addict will not relapse.

Marlatt describes some areas for treatment including skills training in self-efficacy, coping strategies, emotional states, and cravings as useful in preventing relapse.

Other research is being conducted in identifying medications that may help limit the stress for the recovering addict. Sinha advocates for research in the area of identifying therapeutic agents complementing cognitive-behavioral training. Marlatt notes the low compliance rates with drugs like Anatabuse Marlatt, However, he notes that Antabuse was designed to reinforce the negative consequences of relapsing. Marlatt discusses a study performed on addicted prisoners which showed lower relapse rates among addicted prisoners who underwent meditation training over the control group Marlatt, Further inquiry into the effect of meditation on the identified altered neuro-pathways would be beneficial in showing its efficacy.

Because the neuro-biological pathways that handle stress as well as the cravings for the 'drug of choice' are closely linked, stress is a powerful motivator for relapse. Addressing this underlying stress with healthy responses over relapse is the goal of treatment of addiction. There is some good work in the field so far, but the problem remains.

Alan, and Dennis M. National Institutes of Health, 1 Aug. Witkiewitz, Kimberly, and G.


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Therefore, this paper reviews the role of stress and its effect on the addicted person. Additionally, this paper discusses the combination of cognitive-behavioral skill training and the role of medication in helping addicted persons cope with stress without engaging in a relapse. The disease of addiction is prevalent and relapse-rate is high/5(8).

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Drug Addiction Research Paper This sample Drug Addiction Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Like other free research paper examples, it is not a custom research paper.

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Research Papers words ( pages) The Etiology of Addiction Disease Model Essay examples - Addiction is like all behaviours “the business of the brain”. Example Of Research Paper About Drug Addiction Morgan Azbill English Addiction: A Disease or A WeaknessAddiction- a primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease, with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the .

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Research within librarian-selected research topics on Addiction and Substance Abuse from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. dug and alcohol research paper. Addiction: A 9 page research paper discussing the problem of addiction, its causes, process & development, treatment etc; Bibliography .