Inheritance generally passes bilaterally from parents to children and grandchildren. Among the poor, land that is inherited helps to maintain strong family and locality relationships. The concept of family applies to blood and nonblood kin who maintain an active, functional relationship with respect to material and social support.
It is not limited to the household. Family relations are of great importance, and children of the poor often are shifted from household to household for support. Kin relations are traced bilaterally for four or five generations. The use of midwives is still popular, and breast-feeding is done in all the ethnic groups. A baby is named and registered within a few days of its birth, and soon afterward it is "christened.
A crying baby is rocked in the mothers arms and hummed to. As a baby ages, the parents and grandparents try to accommodate their expectations to the child's unique qualities; the baby is allowed to "grow into itself. Child Rearing and Education. The mother is central, but all members of the household and other close kin have some responsibility in rearing a child.
It is believed that the behavior of the pregnant mother influences what the child will become. Children are said to "take after" a parent or to be influenced by "the devil" or the spirits of ancestors. Children are given progressively demanding responsibilities from the age of five or six.
For poor parents in all ethnic groups, the single most important route out of poverty is the education of their children. In more traditional settings, the child is "pushed" by the entire family and even the community. The national stereotype is that Indians and Chinese pay greater attention to their offspring, who perform better than blacks. Higher education is considered essential to national success, and the parliament has established the National Council on Education to oversee higher education policy and implementation.
Expenditures on education have continued to rise. Politeness and courtesy are highly valued as aspects of being "raised good. A child never "backtalks" to parents or elders.
Men are expected to open doors for women and help with or perform heavy tasks. Women are expected to "serve" men in domestic contexts and, in more traditional settings, to give the adult males and guests the best part of a meal.
The Anglican church is regarded as the church of the elite, but the middle class in all ethnic groups is distributed over several non-African-derived religions. All the established denominations have been creolized; African-Caribbean religious practices such as Puk-kumina, revivalism, Kumina, Myalism, and Rastafarianism have especially significant African influences. Among less modernized African Jamaicans, there is no separation between the secular and the sacred.
Afro-Jamaican leaders are typically charismatic men and women who are said to have special "gifts" or to be "called. Rituals and Holy Places. Rituals include "preaching" meetings as well as special healing rituals and ceremonies such as "thanksgiving," ancestral veneration, and memorial ceremonies.
These ceremonies may include drumming, singing, dancing, and spirit possession. All places where organized rituals take place are regarded as holy, including churches, "balm yards," silk cotton trees, burial grounds, baptismal sites at rivers, and crossroads.
Death and the Afterlife. Death is regarded as a natural transformation, and except in the case of the very old, its cause is believed to be the violation of a cultural norm, evil spirits, or envy.
After a death, kin and community gather at the home of the deceased to lend support and assist in funeral preparations, which involve washing and tying the body.
People gather at the home of the deceased each night until the burial in a ritual called "setup. A large harmonious funeral is considered a sign of good living. Jamaicans use a mix of traditional and biomedical healing practices. The degree of use of traditional means, including spiritual healing, is inversely related to class status.
Among the African Jamaicans, illness is believed to be caused by spiritual forces or violation of cultural taboos. Consequently, most illnesses are treated holistically. When traditional means fail, modern medicine is tried. Independence Day is celebrated on the first Monday in August. Chinese New Year is celebrated. Support for the Arts. The arts and humanities have a long tradition of development and public support, but state support has been institutionalized only since independence.
Most artists are self-supporting. Indians, Chinese, Jews, and Europeans brought aspects of their written tradition, yet current literary works are overwhelmingly African Jamaican. The oral tradition draws on several West African-derived sources, including the griot tradition; the trickster story form; the use of proverbs, aphorisms, riddles, and humor in the form of the "big lie"; and origin stories.
The s saw the birth of a movement toward the creation of a "yard" Creole literature. The tradition of graphic arts began with indigenous Taino sculpting and pottery and has continued with the evolution of the African tradition. Jamaica has a long tradition of pottery, including items used in everyday domestic life, which are referred to as yabbah. There is a West African tradition of basket and straw mat weaving, seashell art, bead making, embroidery, sewing, and wood carving.
Most folk performances are rooted in festivals, religious and healing rituals, and other African-derived cultural expressions. Traditional performances take the form of impromptu plays and involve social commentary based on the African Caribbean oratorical tradition "speechifying" or "sweet talking". Music is the most highly developed of the performing arts.
There is a long tradition of classical music interest, but the country is best known for its internationally popular musical form, reggae. Jamaica also has a strong tradition of folk and religious music. Drama is the least developed performing art, but it has been experiencing a new surge of energy. Most social science research is done with support from the Institute of Social and Economic Research.
The Roots of Jamaican Culture , Afro-Caribbean Villages in Historical Perspective , Roots and Ideology , The Role of Ideas in a Tropical Colony, —, Folklore from Contemporary Jamaicans , Personality and Conflict in Jamaica , The Case of Jamaica , Sherlock, Philip, and Hazel Bennett.
The Story of the Jamaican People , History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space Settlement patterns were initiated by plantation activities. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Social Welfare and Change Programs The social development system combines local governmental programs and policies, international governmental support, and local and international nongovernmental organization NGO participation.
Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations Over NGOs are active in areas such as environmental protection, the export-import trade, socioeconomic development, and education. Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Etiquette Politeness and courtesy are highly valued as aspects of being "raised good.
Medicine and Health Care Jamaicans use a mix of traditional and biomedical healing practices. The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. Caribbean Transformations , A—Z of Jamaica Heritage , Also read article about Jamaica from Wikipedia.
This was very helpful with my culture project in my Parenting Skills class. When I get home I'm going to take more notes. How does the relevant conflict theory on social stratification to an understanding to the Jamaican society.
This article was quite helpful as it has a fair balance of the culture of Jamaica therefore it will assist in my project and also in other future tasks. Very helpful to my assignment "health patterns among cultures. Thank You for the information on this page, as a Puerto Rican female with my true love being of Jamaican heritage this site has been very helpful on my understaing of his culture. As a Jamaican who works on the frontline everyday welcoming thousands, I am often baffled at the misconception and downright ignorance that come with many of our visitors.
Websites and articles such as this continue to miseducate and keep persons in the dark. Do you honestly think that the country was represented fairly in your article, if you do, you seriously need to revisit my Island, that is, if you have ever really been here.
Thank you so much for this very well thought out article. It has made my women's study project so much easier. The information of Jamaica is completely interesting. Thanks a lot for the information, I found everything I needed for my oral presentation here. The only thing I recomend for this page is to include the taboos in the cultural information of the countries.
Darcy Read this, This is what Dana send me about her country and culture lifestyle. This is a consistent article. It contains a valuable information as far as the Jamaican culture is conerned. All components of culture in general are discused here. Thanks for this article since it has helped me in my socialogy paper on culture.
Thank you so much! What an informative and easy to read page! I was interested in learning more about Jamaican culture and this really helped me. This is a very acknowledgable passage full of great information and quility.
I would reference this site to anyone possible. Thank you very much! Stumbled on this by accident, Jamaican born and bred, interesting article. I like how you tried to attach certain traditions with a continent Africa, Asia but Jamaican culture is not that cut and dry.
You are a little off with some information: We call our jamaican creole language "patois"; back in s, plenty of conflict between black and chinese; the Tainos left behind half the recipe for Jerk Pork; most Jamaicans regardless of colour use "Bush" medicine with traditional; and you didn't even mention the Maroons.
I found it to be very inforamtive Out of many one people.. I found this article very informative and helpful in my assignments. Informative, however, the comments from readers that are Jamaican born and bread are interesting. I recently visited Jamaica for the first time and currently dating a Jamaican in the US.
It appears as though the Jamaican cultural and social information presented on this webpage slightly differes from the perspective of Jamaican born and bread individuals. I still found the article along with my one time recent visit to Jamaica very helpful.
I want to thank this web page!! I would like to know more about Jamaican music and traditions If u know what i meann.
Hello, Thank you for putting this up. My family is from Jamaica, and growing up in Miami I was immersed in the culture.
The PNP and the JLP agree that a president should replace the British Crown as constitutional head of state but disagree as to the precise role and scope of the presidency. Ostracism, gossip, derision, and sorcery are the main sanctions in rural communities, where crime with the exception of theft of crops is relatively infrequent. In urban areas, however, crime has become a very serious problem.
A rapidly escalating rate of violent attacks with firearms led to the passage, in , of legislation providing severe penalties for gun offenders and creating a special Gun Court. The main function of the army the Jamaica Defense Force has been to augment the police the Jamaica Constabulary Force , particularly in efforts to control unrest and suppress the drug trade. Jamaica has a history of organized violence, including many slave revolts, some peasant uprisings, and labor and urban unrest.
Individual acts of violence were at one time relatively uncommon; the recent increase in urban violence can largely be attributed to the gangs that protect ghetto neighborhoods and control the drug trade.
During the s, gangs also supported politicians and political parties. Over people died in politically related violence during the election of , but there were few fatalities in the election. The election was also marred by violence. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: In the meantime, Carter reminded overseas charities that their international status does not extend to Jamaica and, therefore, the benefits of being a charity will not apply automatically.
He advised that if such charities wish to import items into Jamaica they will need to identify a local charity through which goods can be routed. He also urges charities to keep up to date with their documentation and to always make truthful declarations. We want to hear from you! View the discussion thread. Skip to main content.
Jamaican charities exempted from some customs duties, learn how you can benefit. Jamaica Customs Agency - contributed photo. Additionally, they only pay 50 per cent of customs administration fees. However, the Act requires that they are registered in order to be recognised as such.
How to register as a charity In outlining the steps to becoming a charitable organisation, Carter said the first stage is to be registered with the department. Taxes and Penalties He said that the organisation could still be required to pay the duties, as it was not a charity when the goods arrived in the island. This is a safeguard against persons who seek to use the Act to import commercial items.
Culture of Jamaica - history, people, clothing, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social Ja-Ma.
Writing these pages on Jamaican customs, traditions and beliefs, has been a learning experience for me, and I'm a Jamaican! Talking to friends of different ages and backgrounds has allowed me to discover many practices and beliefs outside my immediate experience.
Jamaica - Cultural life: Jamaica’s cultural development has been deeply influenced by British traditions and a search for roots in folk forms. The latter are based chiefly on the colourful rhythmic intensity of the island’s African heritage. Jamaican culture is a product of the interaction between Europe and Africa. Terms such as “Afro-centred” and “Euro-centred,” however, are. Unusual Jamaican Customs, contributed by Tracie Blake. As a Jamaican, I must say that we are indeed special. The way we walk, the way we talk, even the way we approach and address situations. Please help me get the message out by sharing this article with your friends on social media (links below). Thnx ;-).
Jamaican culture consists of the religion, norms, values, and lifestyle that define the people of Jamaica. The culture is mixed, with an ethnically diverse society, stemming from a history of inhabitants beginning with the original Taino people. Jamaicans - Sociopolitical Organization Social Organization. Jamaica joined the short-lived Federation of the West Indies in but left it in ; the following year Jamaica became an independent nation in the British Commonwealth. The present system of government is a constitutional monarchy with two houses of Parliament.