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Report writing

What is a report?

❶Reports are usually assessed on content, structure, layout, language, and referencing.

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Skip to main content. Search for free courses, interactives, videos and more! Free learning from The Open University. The first segment of the book report identifies the book title and author and provides general background information about the author that relates to the content of the text.

The report also includes the book publisher and the date of publication. Reports classify the book content according to a type or genre. Scholarly books, for instance, include a table of contents, bibliography and occasionally footnotes, while books written for a popular reading audience generally do not have any scholarly notes or a bibliography.

Book reports include short summaries that provide information about the general book elements. Reports note the author's thesis for a nonfiction book and support for that main idea. A report for a fiction work provides the book's theme, setting, character development and a quick plot summary.

Assume the report reader has not read the text when developing your ideas for the paper and explain how the book's author presents the main elements. Reports use supporting examples and quotations from the book to illustrate your points and the ideas presented in your paper. Readers will use this table of contents to identify which sections are most relevant to them.

You must make sure your contents page correctly represents the structure of your report. Take a look at this sample contents page. In your introduction you should include information about the background to your research, and what its aims and objectives are. If your report involved research activity, you should state what that was, for example you may have interviewed clients, organised some focus groups, or done a literature review.

The methodology section should provide an accurate description of the material and procedures used so that others could replicate the experiment you conducted. You do not need to attempt to provide reasons for your results this will happen in the discussion section. In the discussion you are expected to critically evaluate your findings.

You may need to re-state what your report was aiming to prove and whether this has been achieved. You should also assess the accuracy and significance of your findings, and show how it fits in the context of previous research.

Your conclusion should summarise the outcomes of your report and make suggestions for further research or action to be taken. You may also need to include a list of specific recommendations as a result of your study. The references are a list of any sources you have used in your report. You should use appendices to expand on points referred to in the main body of the report.

If you only have one item it is an appendix, if you have more than one they are called appendices. You can use appendices to provide backup information, usually data or statistics, but it is important that the information contained is directly relevant to the content of the report.

Appendices can be given alphabetical or numerical headings, for example Appendix A, or Appendix 1. The order they appear at the back of your report is determined by the order that they are mentioned in the body of your report.

Reports are written in several sections and may also include visual data such as figures and tables. The layout and presentation is therefore very important.

Your tutor or your module handbook will state how the report should be presented in terms of font sizes, margins, text alignment etc.

You will need good IT skills to manipulate graphical data and work with columns and tables.

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Writing reports A report is written for a clear purpose and to a particular audience. An effective report presents and analyses facts and evidence The structure of a report. The main features of a report are described below to provide Writing the report: the essential stages. All reports need to be clear.

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REPORT WRITING a guide to organisation and style by David Rudd Course: B.A (Hons) Yr II, University of Bolton Tutor: Dr A. N. Other, Dept of Life.

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Reports. Written reports are a common form of assessment at university and learning the principles of good report writing (i.e. writing informatively for a specific audience and purpose) will help you to communicate well in whichever career you choose. © Middlesex University How To Write A Report Aims —To learn what a Report is —To discuss the process(es) of writing a Report —To look the structure of a Report.

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Research & writing for assignments. University assignments are a big challenge, but we can guide you. Get help with all aspects of your assignment, from research to writing. Writing a report Before writing, prepare thoroughly by following these steps: Establish the purpose. A report. What is a report and how does it differ from writing an essay? Reports are concise and have a formal structure. They are often used to communicate the results or findings of a project.