A good way is to tell a story, an interesting one that puts everything into perspective re the existing literature and conveys how it is you succeeded where others failed. What was the key idea which nobody else spotted? It should not reflect the actual historical progress of your research which may have been long and winding but rather based on how your thinking should have gone with the benefit of hindsight.
This is not quite the same as the shortest logical path which would not be understood until after the paper is read , but rather involves an historical element with reference to works and ideas that the reader might already be familiar with. Note that it's rare for a young person to do something totally out of the blue, and worrisome for a referee.
Make contacts with other aspects of the literature. Try to connect or reference all the relevant players in the field. This takes knowledge of the literature and above all a sense of historical perspective. Who did really introduce the idea X that you are using and are giving him or her proper credit?
This can also be woven into the above by way of making it interesting. This should be brief but not simply a list. State the goal and main achievement of each section. Make it into a story whereby each section is logically a precursor to the next section. This should include technical remarks on notation to be used and basic references such as books for conventions.
You can recall in this section for clarity things that you should be ashamed to publish in the later sections.
If a lot of machinery which you did not invent is to be used, this is the place to develop it or give references. Remember, however, that you are not writing a thesis here: The goal is rather to make enough concise references or explanations so that exactly how you intend things to be defined, which conventions exactly you are using etc are all completely clear. Find ways to state cut-and-dry and precise definitions that the reader will be able to refer back to when reading the paper, without digressions or story-telling.
Anything in this section is 'safe' in the sense that the reader does not assume that this is your work. Indeed, the reader assumes it is not and the referee can always make you delete it if it's too much. So try to put most of what you will need here in the preliminaries.
Finally you get to explain your new results. Each section should begin with a recall of the goal and strategy of the section in case the reader forgot. Each section should have a main achievement. Then proceed as clearly as possible in the correct logical order. Don't try to save space by building into your propositions repeats of other people's results. In other words, some of the stuff you want to put down is all part of the beautiful logical picture, but that's too bad.
Unless you personally have something new and worthwhile to say about it, you have no business to be recalling it here maybe in the intro with citations as motivation and also should not be building it in mixed with your own results. As well as the logically-dictated tendency to repeat, we all have a human weakness to think that what we spent hours figuring out for ourselves is partly ours.
This is a demon to be resisted. Previous work is previous work and don't be too proud to say you are using it, and whose it is you are using. You should ask yourself how would you feel if somebody developed your work and integrated it into theirs without being clear about your contribution.
Results can be organised as lemmas technical results you need later but not of self-contained interest, propositions moderately interesting new results, and theorem main new results. Each of these should be an irreducible 'gem': You can follow these with some corollaries, which are more like tasty desserts. The proof of a theorems or proposition should be substantial and not a cheap logical trick in which it's immediate from some other work that's a corollary or a remark.
Ideally, the proof of the main theorem should use as many as possible of the lemmas and propositions already proven, to show that they were all needed and worthwhile. Statements of theorems etc should be as self-contained as possible. Under this constraint, the shorter ones are the most powerful, i. The statement itself should be boiled down to the part that is really new and important. The end of the section is a good place to put any informal remarks.
Anything you want to claim, assert or conjecture but which you haven't thought through formally to make a theorem, can appear here. Things are easily forgiven at the ends of sections if the section already had good results in it. These remarks could also lead onto the next section.
But don't overdo that since the beginning of the next section is going to reintroduce itself anyway. Bad writing often goes hand-in-hand with murky thinking, so by writing clearly you are forced to clarify your understanding also.
Thinking about layout, ordering of sentences and even simple things like punctuation are very important and can have a surprisingly good effect on your own understanding of the material. To some extent, the best rule of good writing is to write and write. Eventually it gets better. In the meantime, some things to watch out for are as follows. Sentences should logically lead on from one to the next as smoothly as walking. English has a preference for short sentences with a great deal of structure connecting across sentences.
Words or ideas used a few sentences back will still be in the reader's mind, so there should not be any jarring change of topic. If you want to change the topic, no problem, but warn the reader by key phrases like 'on the other hand', 'meanwhile', 'in contrast to this', 'moreover' etc.
A shift of general topic is signalled by a new paragraph. Again, previous paragraphs are still active in the readers mind so any very big shift should be excused by a suitable explanation like 'Now we come to The signals could refer back to the introduction and outline, or might indicate a surprise for the reader. A conceptual sandwich is where you begin with one idea, move on to another, and then move back to the first one.
This can happen at all scales: It indicates poor organisation and should be avoided. Can you move the middle of the sandwich to the top or the bottom, thereby pooling together the two related topic? The more general topic should usually come first, with the more specific sub-topic following, unless you deliberately want to be pedagogical. The idea of avoiding a sandwich is that when you bring up a topic, say all that you will want to say about it in the near future, before moving on to further questions arising from it.
Chopping and changing uses up the reader's energy. A similar phenomenon can occur with a sentence too. A common problem is that the second half of the sentence came as an afterthought but more properly belongs as the first half of the sentence. So always ask yourself if you should reverse the order of a sentence. Every assertion should have a clear validation status. By this I mean that it should be clear to the reader from context or from signals in the syntax exactly how the reader is supposed to know that the assertion is correct.
Some languages have long sentences with lots of commas, but English does not have the grammar to support this. Rather, sentences should be short and sharp. Russians say that English people sound like barking dogs. A common fear is to avoid losing the context by finishing the sentence, leading the author to put a comma and run on with another one. There is no need to be afraid of that because words will still remain active for a short while after the period.
A good rule is to look for sentences longer than one or two lines and see if ', which' or ', where' etc can be replaced by fresh sentences. As a young researcher, you will surely want to get your research published in reputed international journals. For the convenience and comfort all throughout your courses, we provide research paper writing services More With medical writers across the universe, we serve to a different medical need of healthcare industries and pharmaceutical companies with a unique approach.
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