Working under the guidance of Friedrich Hommel, Iqbal published his doctoral thesis in entitled: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia. Academic Career Iqbal took up an assistant professorship at Government College, Lahore, when he returned to India, but for financial reasons he relinquished it within a year to practice law. While maintaining his legal practice, Iqbal began concentrating on spiritual and religious subjects, and publishing poetry and literary works.
He became active in the Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, a congress of Muslim intellectuals, writers and poets as well as politicians. In , he became the general secretary of the organisation. Iqbal denounced political divisions within and amongst Muslim nations, and frequently alluded to and spoke in terms of the global Muslim community, or the Ummah. Political Life While dividing his time between law and poetry, Iqbal had remained active in the Muslim League.
He was a critic of the mainstream Indian National Congress, which he regarded as dominated by Hindus and was disappointed with the League when during the s, it was absorbed in factional divides between the pro-British group led by Sir Muhammad Shafi and the centrist group led by Jinnah.
In November , with the encouragement of friends and supporters, Iqbal contested for a seat in the Punjab Legislative Assembly from the Muslim district of Lahore, and defeated his opponent by a margin of 3, votes. He supported the constitutional proposals presented by Jinnah with the aim of guaranteeing Muslim political rights and influence in a coalition with the Congress, and worked with the Aga Khan and other Muslim leaders to mend the factional divisions and achieve unity in the Muslim League.
Among his 12, verses of poetry, about 7, verses are in Persian. In , he published his first collection of poetry, the Asrar-e-Khudi Secrets of the Self in Persian.
The poems emphasise the spirit and self from a religious, spiritual perspective. For him, the aim of life is self-realization and self-knowledge. A person must keep his individual characteristics intact, but once this is achieved he should sacrifice his personal ambitions for the needs of the nation. Also in Persian and published in , this group of poems has as its main themes the ideal community, Islamic ethical and social principles, and the relationship between the individual and society.
Although he is true throughout to Islam, Iqbal also recognises the positive analogous aspects of other religions. The Rumuz-e-Bekhudi complements the emphasis on the self in the Asrar-e-Khudi and the two collections are often put in the same volume under the title Asrar-e-Rumuz Hinting Secrets.
Goethe bemoans the West having become too materialistic in outlook, and expects the East will provide a message of hope to resuscitate spiritual values.
In , he was officially invited to Afghanistan to join the meetings regarding the establishment of Kabul University. In Gulshan-e-Raz-e-Jadeed, Iqbal first poses questions, then answers them with the help of ancient and modern insight, showing how it affects and concerns the world of action. In a passage re-living a historical period, Iqbal condemns the Muslim who were instrumental in the defeat and death of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula of Bengal and Tipu Sultan of Mysore respectively by betraying them for the benefit of the British colonists, and thus delivering their country to the shackles of slavery.
He says in one of his poems: The second set of poems date from between and when Iqbal studied in Europe and dwell upon the nature of European society, which he emphasized had lost spiritual and religious values. This inspired Iqbal to write poems on the historical and cultural heritage of Islamic culture and Muslim people, not from an Indian but a global perspective.
Iqbal urges the global community of Muslims, addressed as the Ummah to define personal, social and political existence by the values and teachings of Islam. He received his earlier education in his hometown, he joined the Sialkot Mission School, from where he passed his matriculation examination. After Two years , he secured his Masters Degree and was appointed in the Oriental College, Lahore, as a lecturer of history, philosophy and English.
He later proceeded to Europe for higher studies. Having obtained a degree from Cambridge, While he left for the England for the Higher Studies In After his higher studies he was gone In to London and there he got the LLB law degree In and practiced for the lawyer so he was got the position of a good lawyer, After the law degree he was feel that his studies are not completed so he awarded a degree of Ph.
He had a great love for his religion Islam. He gave the Idea of a new country for the Muslims. Our national Poet was died in and could not see the actual creation of Pakistan, but he had played a major part in his creation. He was a good poet, thinker, Humanist and honest person, he was good Muslim, his earlier ancestors was Barhaman and they lives in the Kashmir, He embraced Islam about years ago and they shifted in the Sialkort Pakistan before years ago, He was a true Muslim.
His father's name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad. He got his early education from a local school. After doing his matric, Allama Iqbal joined Murrey College from where he passed his intermediate. Then he went to Govt. He did his M. For the purpose of higher studies, he went abroad. From Germany, he did his Ph. D, and came back home.
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Allama Iqbal, great poet-philosopher and active political leader, was born at Sialkot, Punjab, in He is commonly referred to as Allama Iqbal, received his early education in the traditional maktab.
Essay on Allama Muhammad Iqbal in English, Our National Poet Allama Iqbal was born in Sialkot on 9th November, He received his early education in his home town. He was got degree of Ph. D. by Munich University, That is why he is also Known as Dr. Muhammad Iqbal. This essay is for the outstanding students of 10 Class, 2nd Year and graduation. Students can prepare it for the annual exams. This essay comes in exams with different names like My Hero in History, Essay on my hero in history, Essay on Allama Iqbal and My favourite .