Some incident triggers an expression of anger. They usually do not go out of their neighborhood to commit these crimes. The victim happened upon them. Mission Crimes- The rarest type, the offender, usually acting alone, seeks to rid the world of a particular kind of people whom he views as evil. Offenders are usually deeply troubled and sometimes even psychotic. Retaliatory Crimes — a person hears a report or rumor of a hate incident against his or her own group and takes revenge by committing a crime against a member of the initial supposed offending group.
What is group think? Groups sometimes strive so much to maintain consensus that critical thinking is usually discouraged. Groups of people often make poor decisions, even though the individuals involved may be aware that they are poor decisions and may not have reached the same decisions on their own.
Identify and discuss several experiments that illustrate the principle of group think? Zimbardo Stanford mock prison experiment — Students were randomly assigned as guards or prisoners to try and realistically replicate the conditions of a real prison.
It had to be stopped because the guards were getting very brutal. Milgram shock experiment — An actor scientist had a volunteer shock a person if they did not answer the question correctly nobody really got shocked.
The person would scream when the volunteer shocked them and the teacher would say keep going and they did even though they knew it was wrong. Asch line Experiment — A group actors and one person were in a room and they asked what line was the longest. The actors would all give the wrong answer and the volunteer would go along even though it was an obvious answer.
Making a decision before becoming aware of the relevant facts of a case. An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
What is a stereotype? A thought that may be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things, but that belief may or may not accurately reflect reality What is the difference between an in-group and an out-group? An out-group, on the other hand, is a social unit or group of people that an individual neither belongs to nor identifies with. What is the role of the family in creating bigotry? Kids often take the role of their father or mother.
Identify and discuss the situational factors identified in class and in the book that contribute to bigotry groups, economics, social milieu, culture. How does that relate to hate crime commission? Why do people join organized hate groups? They usually do not have hatred toward certain groups but they are targeted by organized hate groups and lured into groups. Their viewpoints are bigoted. One of their primary goals is to advance their own interest at the expense of those they oppose.
Usually have official membership criteria. They are organized Identify and discuss characteristics of the right wing racial movement and the white resistence movement. Explain the history the KKK as described in our text.
After the civil war over and slavery was ended, many white southerners felt threatened. The wealthy feared losing their source of cheap labor. In the kkk was born. Who was Mulugeta Seraw? He was an Ethiopian student and father who went to the United States to attend college. He was killed in November , at age 28, in Portland, Oregon by three white supremacists. Identify and discuss the primary ideologies that are shared by many hate groups. Power — Hate groups are usually dedicated to gaining power, generally at the expense of other groups.
White supremacists are concerned with losing their control over others. Racial Separatism — Antipathy for the same groups — hate against groups such as Jews, people of color, and immigrants Antipathy for particular beliefs and actions — hate against beliefs or actions such as abortion, political liberalism, feminism.
Based on the Blazak article BB and our text, describe the process of recruitment into and defection from hate groups. They focus on schools or neighborhoods where there is already some people of their group or where there was some perceived threat to straight, white males like areas where there had been large layoffs, where white students had been victimized by minority gangs, or where multiculturalism had recently been introduced into the curriculum.
Then direct attention to individuals who are experiencing strain because of being left out, frustrated, or harassed. They offer programs to to solve their problems in live and offer structure What activities are performed by hate groups?
Meetings — speeches, cross lightings, sales of t-shirts, CDs, and more. Music Rallies — get media publicity, reinforce to members that they are actually doing something, and offer opportunity for violence because of counterdemonstrators. Propaganda — fliers, pamphlets, newsletters and more. Internet — Websites that include propaganda Organized Political Activity Socializing What is the role of women in hate groups? There are women in hate groups and even a group called the mothers movement that was racist, anti Semitic, and against WWII.
To reduce prejudice, put members of disparate groups together on equal footing for sufficient periods of time and to provide support for their cooperation in achieving a common goal. What is the Robber Cave experiment? The experimenters arranged for two emergencies to occur a stuck bus and a broken water supply. The camp counselors then encouraged the rival groups of boys to work together to overcome these emergencies.
The boys did so, and hostilities between the groups were greatly decreased. What is the jigsaw classroom? Children in a recently desegregated school in Texas were placed into small, racially integrate groups. Each member was given a unique set of information, and they were going to be tested on all of the info at the end.
So they had to rely on their classmates in order to do well on the test. Can laws change bigotry? Why or why not? Laws can change signs of prejudice and, in time, attitudes are likely to follow. The best way to change attitudes is to change behavior first. Discuss the primary goals and approaches of the following organizations in combating hate: Southern Poverty Law Center — civil rights organization dedicated to fighting hate and bigotry, and to seeking justice for the most vulnerable members of society.
Tracking extremists both in the us and abroad. Simon Wiesenthal Center — Combat hate through education. Opened the museum of tolerance, which has interactive multimedia exhibits on the holocaust and on prejudice in general. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force — Promote the civil rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people. Identify and discuss different models of rehabilitation. Victim-offender mediation — the victim and the offender are brought together, and the victim has the opportunity to describe the harm he or she has experienced and to ask questions, the offender can offer apologies or explanations.
The goal is for the parties to reach a mutually acceptable agreement for reconciliation. Counseling or education programs — counseling on topics such as anger management and parenting skills. Listen to speakers from different ethnic and social groups, listen to victims of hate crimes, and learn about the law. Less formal ways — an offender might be ordered to tour a holocaust museum, or listen to a holocaust survivor or hate crime victim.
Matched with a mentor of the group they hate. What is the Not In My Town anti-hate program? In a town where there were a lot of hate incidents, several community organizations passed anti-hate resolutions, people participated in pro-tolerance marches and vigils, and local residents donated time and paint to clean up racist graffiti.
As described in your text and as discussed in class, identify and discuss the major efforts to fight hate. Are these efforts likely to be effective? Education of youth or the public in general Lobbying for anti-hate laws Monitoring organized hate groups Strengthening law enforcement efforts Public relations campaigns Victim-offender mediation Offender counseling and education Lawsuits against offenders and others. Home Essays Hate crimes. Hate crimes 7 July We will write a custom essay sample on.
A limited time offer! A precipitating event inspires some; others require no external catalyst to provoke their occurrence. In defensive hate crimes, the hatemongers seize on what they consider to be a threatening incident, which serves as a catalyst or precipitant for the expression of their anger.
They rationalize that by attacking an outsider they are in fact taking a protective posture, a defensive stance against intruders. Indeed, they often cast the outsiders in the role of those actively menacing them, while they regard themselves as pillars of the community. In a number of communities, the police have recorded specific hate crimes perpetrated against victims because of a perceived previous hate crime against their group.
Another kind of retaliatory hate crime often follows an international incident such as an act of terrorism. For example, many communities witnessed an increase in anti-Arab, retaliatory hate crimes in the months following the terrorist attacks of September 11, In a thrill-seeking hate crime, no precipitating incident need occur.
On the contrary, it is the assailant or group of assailants looking to harass those who are different, who searches out locations where the members of a particular group regularly congregate.
In recent years, a common location for thrill-motivated hate crimes has been gay bars, a venue to which hatemongers can travel to locate vulnerable victims. The payoff for the youthful perpetrators is psychological as well as social: In addition to gaining a sense of importance and control, they also receive a stamp of approval from their friends.
On occasion, hate crimes go beyond what their perpetrators consider thrill-seeking, defensive, or retaliatory, at least in the narrow sense.
No precipitating episode occurs; none is necessary. The perpetrator is on a moral mission: His assignment is to make the world a better place to live.
Instead, they believe that they have a higher purpose in carrying out their crimes. Mission hate crime offenders are likely to be associated with an organized group such as the National Socialist Movement, the Ku Klux Klan, or the National Alliance. Only 5 percent of all hate crimes are perpetrated by the members of organized hate groups.
Yet most of these hate groups are small; the average has fewer than 20 members. In total, there are probably no more than 20, members of hate organizations in the United States. Given a national population exceeding million people, the 20, figure represents a minuscule proportion of Americans. Numbers do not, however, tell the entire story of organized hate. Thanks to the Internet, a small group of hatemongers can now have disproportionate influence in reaching the young people of America.
Hate groups have established more than Web sites. In addition, they create and distribute white power CDs that sanction violence against Jews and people of color. Organized hate groups take advantage of local access cable television and shortwave radio.
A hate crime is a violent act against people, property, or organizations because of the group to which they belong or identify with. Hate crimes are committed against many different groups of people. Different types of people also commit these crimes.
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2 In crime and in law, hate crimes (also known as bias-motivated crimes) can be defined as an offense against a victim motivated by hate. This could be based on that individual’s race, ethnicity, religion, gender, or sexual orientation. Hate crimes can come from many different causes, but each cause for a hate crime ultimately stems from ignorance. If we can rid our country of ignorance on subjects like the existence of hate crimes and why they take place, our 3/5(3).
The term hate crime can be misleading, because it implies incorrectly that hatred is invariably a distinguishing characteristic of this type of offense. This paper is going to discuss hate crimes and the types of hate crimes. The first type of hate crime is the racial hate crime. Racial hate crime is the most dominant in the public order offenses in terms of the numbers and statistic as many people fall victims of this hate crime.